Investing in affordable housing in Ghana can provide significant benefits, including addressing the housing deficit, contributing to economic growth, and improving the quality of life for low-income families. It is becoming increasingly important for the future in order to meet the United Nations Development Programme mantra of housing for all by 2050. Ghana has a growing population and an ever-increasing need for affordable housing. Despite the government's effort to provide affordable housing to its citizens, there is still a significant gap between supply and demand. Though there are challenges to affordable housing in Ghana, it is imperative to note that it is the future of the real estate industry for the economic growth and social well-being of Ghana.

 

 

What Is Affordable Housing In Ghana?

The definition of affordable housing varies depending on the socioeconomic of a country. However, affordable housing in Ghana is a house the monthly or annually cost does not exceed 30% of the household’s income. A house is considered affordable if the annual cost (rent, tax, or insurance) does not exceed one-third of the household gross income. Housing units that are reasonably priced and accessible to low and middle-income earners. 

Over the years, Government has implemented various policies or initiatives to increase the supply of affordable housing in Ghana. Unfortunately, some of these policies and initiatives have failed to reduce the demand for affordable housing. Due to contractual reasons, some of the housing projects are yet to be completed such as the Kpone project in the Greater Accra region and other abandoned affordable housing projects. There are also some completed projects such as Borteyman SSNIT affordable housing in Accra and Asokore Mampong Affordable Housing in Kumasi. Although a lot of people may argue those housing units are not affordable since the price ranges from GHS 141,600 to GHS186,500. So what then is the average cost of affordable housing in Ghana?

 

 

Unfortunately, one cannot put a ballpark figure on what is the cheapest rent in Ghana. It completely depends on the location of the house, if there is easy access to amenities, and if it is in a commercial place. The cheapest rate could be GHS 100 for an unfinished one-room apartment in a location like Galilea Kasoa while the cheapest rent for the same one-room apartment in a place like Osu could be GHS 400. However, if you are looking for housing within your budget, contact us!

 

afordable houses
Affordable Apartments in Ghana


 

How Did Affordable Housing in Ghana Start?

The government started building affordable housing for the public in major cities as far back as 1957 under President Kwame Nkrumah. However, it was not until the 1960s after the establishment of the State Housing Corporation (SHC) that major strides were made. Low-cost housing projects were built in suburban areas, and they were properly maintained. Unfortunately, the 1980s brought the implementation of the Structural Adjustment Programme (SAP) which subscribed to the participation of the private sector in the provision of services such as housing. This led to the emergence of a public-private partnership with the Ghanaian government providing the enabling environment for private sectors to provide affordable housing in Ghana.

 

Challenges of Affordable Housing in Ghana

If affordable housing by the government started way back in the 1950s, why then is there a huge housing deficit of over 1.7 million units? The government has done a lot to provide low-cost housing to the public but they are faced with challenges such as;

  • Lack of Consistent Funds
  • Poor Government Policies
  • Lack of Political Will
  • High Cost of Raw Land
  • Population Growth
  • High Cost of Construction
  • Low Wages

 

Which Region Has the Lowest Cost of Living in Ghana?

The cost of living in a location is determined by various factors such as healthcare, food, housing, and transportation which are significantly influenced by the GDP of the region. There are few cities in Ghana where you can enjoy a moderately low cost of living such as:

 

Sunyani Municipal

Sunyani Municipality is the capital of the Brong Ahafo Region of Ghana. Its estimated population is 145,000 which is largely made up of low and middle-income earners. A third of the area is raw land which makes offers lots of opportunities in the real estate industry. It also means land acquisition is way cheaper than in most cities in Ghana. It also means it is easy to acquire or rent land for agriculture. Food is available in commercial quantities throughout the year and food like Plantain, cassava, maize, cabbage, garden eggs, carrots, sweet pepper, tomatoes, and pepper. 

 

 

Kumasi

This is the heart of the Ashanti kingdom and it has a population of 3,348,000. It is the second-largest commercial hub in Ghana. The cost of living in Kumasi is relatively cheaper than in Accra. You can have the same standard of living you had in Accra way cheaper in Kumasi. Although a commercial hub, rent is relatively affordable in Kumasi.

 

Asokore Mampong affordable housing project
Affordable housing project in Ashanti Region

 

Ashaiman Municipal

This is an overlooked municipality in Greater Accra Region. It was craved out of Tema Municipal in 2008 and has an estimated population of 210,000. The cost of rent and food is remarkably affordable in Ashaiman. You can enjoy the big cities’ standard of living for less in Ashaiman.

 

3 Wicked Reasons Affordable Housing In Ghana Is The Future

Ghana is a Country with a growing population and an ever-increasing need for affordable housing. Affordable housing in Ghana is key to the country's future development and economic growth. Here are a few reasons why Ghana's affordable housing future is bright:

 

Public-Private Partnership

The first reason why Ghana's affordable housing future is bright is due to the emergence of public-private partnerships. These partnerships have played a critical role in bringing together resources from both the private and public sectors, enabling them to create affordable housing solutions that were the private and public sectors, enabling them to create affordable housing solutions previously unheard of. With these partnerships, developers can access funding and resources to build more affordable homes at a faster rate.

The government's commitment through initiatives like the National Housing Policy and Mortgage Finance Market makes affordable housing in Ghana sustainable. This will help bridge the gap between the supply and demand of affordable housing in Ghana. In 2014, the Social Security and National Insurance Trust (SSNIT) started working with private companies to complete abandoned projects such as Borteyman housing units

Affordable_housing_borteyman
Affordable housing project, Borteyman


 

New Technologies

The second reason why affordable housing in Ghana is the future is the adoption of new technologies. New construction technologies such as 3D printing, drone imagery, and cement-coated expanded polystyrene (EPS) panels have made it possible to build affordable homes quickly and efficiently, without compromising on quality. These technologies are already being used in some parts of the country with great success, and as they become more widely adopted, they will significantly reduce the cost of large-scale construction. This translates to affordable housing units. 

 

Vast Opportunities

Another reason why affordable housing in Ghana is the future is there are vast opportunities. Ghana has a young and rapidly growing population, with many young people in need of affordable housing. There is a growing demand for affordable housing in Ghana with an estimated housing deficit of over 1.7 million units. The constant demand for affordable housing provides a huge potential for investors. Also, the incentive of tax benefits to investors by the government has further made affordable housing very lucrative in Ghana. 

 

Conclusion

Affordable housing in Ghana provides numerous benefits, including improved living standards, reduced housing cost burden, increased access to basic services, and economic growth. All these factors combined make affordable housing in Ghana a favorable destination for investment in the affordable housing sector, which not only addresses the current housing deficit but also provides an opportunity for investors to tap into a growing and profitable market. Investing in Ghana's affordable housing sector can thus provide a win-win situation for both investors and the country's citizens, as it addresses an essential need while also generating a return on investment. Furthermore, the interest of local and foreign investors in Ghana's affordable housing sector is also a positive indicator that more projects will be developed in the future.

In conclusion, Ghana's affordable housing future looks promising as the government and private investors continue to invest in initiatives that seek to address the housing deficit. We understand the importance of affordable housing in Ghana and we will help you get your forever home that will not hurt your budget. Contact us today!

 


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